How to: Install and configure DRBD on CentOS 6

How to: Install and configure DRBD on CentOS 6

DRBD® refers to block devices designed as a building block to form high availability (HA) clusters – Distributed Replicated Block Device This is done by mirroring a whole block device via an assigned network. Distributed Replicated Block Device can be understood as network based raid-1.

drbd

So, Distributed Replicated Block Device is actually a network based RAID 1. You are configuring DRBD on your system if you:

  • need to secure data on certain disk and are therefore mirroring your data to another machine via network.
  • configuring High Availability cluster or service.

System requirements:

  • additional disk for synchronization on BOTH MACHINES (preferably same size)
  • network connectivity between machines
  • working DNS resolution (can fix with /etc/hosts file)
  • NTP synchronized times on both nodes

I’ve had problems running drbd84 on CentOS 6.4 running kernel 2.6.32-358.6.1.el6.i686 so i used drbd83 package. Tell me how it works for you…

Let’s start our DRBD CentOS 6.x guide

1. BOTH MACHINES: Install ELRepo repository on your system.

[root@box1 ~]/bin/rpm -ivh http://elrepo.org/elrepo-release-6-5.el6.elrepo.noarch.rpm

2. BOTH MACHINES: Install Distributed Replicated Block Device utils and kmod packages from ELRepo (choose the version you prefer – drbd83 or drbd84 – i’ve had problems with drbd84 on kernel 2.6.32-358.6.1.el6.i686).

[root@box1 ~]/usr/bin/yum install -y kmod-drbd83 drbd83-utils

3. BOTH MACHINES: Insert drbd module manually or just reboot both machines.

[root@box1 ~]/sbin/modprobe drbd

4. BOTH MACHINES: Create the Distributed Replicated Block Device resource file (/etc/drbd.d/disk1.res) and transfer it to the other machine (these files need to be exactly the same on both machines!).

/etc/drbd.d/disk1.res :

resource disk1
{
startup {
wfc-timeout 30;
outdated-wfc-timeout 20;
degr-wfc-timeout 30;
}
net {
cram-hmac-alg sha1;
shared-secret sync_disk;
}
syncer {
rate 100M;
verify-alg sha1;
}
on box1.geek-kb.com {
device minor 1;
disk /dev/sdb;
address 192.168.1.100:7789;
meta-disk internal;
}
on box2.geek-kb.com {
device minor 1;
disk /dev/sdb;
address 192.168.1.101:7789;
meta-disk internal;
}
}

5. BOTH MACHINES: Make sure that DNS resolution is working as expected! To quickly fix DNS resolution add IP addresses FQDN to /etc/hosts on both machines as follows:

/etc/hosts :

192.168.1.100 box1 box1.geek-kb.com
192.168.1.101 box2 box2.geek-kb.com

6. BOTH MACHINES: Make sure that both machines are using NTP for time synchronization! To quickly fix this add an entry to your /etc/crontab file as follows and choose your NTP sync server:

/etc/crontab :

1 * * * * root ntpdate your.ntp.server

7. BOTH MACHINES: Initialize the DRBD meta data storage:

[root@box1 ~]/sbin/drbdadm create-md disk1

8. BOTH MACHINES: Start the Distributed Replicated Block Device service on both nodes:

[root@box1 ~]/etc/init.d/drbd start

9. On the node you wish to make a PRIMARY node run drbdadm command:

[root@box1 ~]/sbin/drbdadm — –overwrite-data-of-peer primary disk1

10. Wait for the Distributed Replicated Block Device disk initial synchronization to complete (100%) and check to confirm you are on primary node:

[root@box1 ~]cat /proc/drbd
version: 8.3.15 (api:88/proto:86-97)
GIT-hash: 0ce4d235fc02b5c53c1c52c53433d11a694eab8c build by phil@Build32R6, 2012-12-20 20:23:49
1: cs:SyncSource ro:Primary/Secondary ds:UpToDate/Inconsistent C r—n-
ns:1060156 nr:0 dw:33260 dr:1034352 al:14 bm:62 lo:9 pe:78 ua:64 ap:0 ep:1 wo:f oos:31424
[==================>.] sync’ed: 97.3% (31424/1048508)K
finish: 0:00:01 speed: 21,240 (15,644) K/sec
[root@box1 ~]# cat /proc/drbd
version: 8.3.15 (api:88/proto:86-97)
GIT-hash: 0ce4d235fc02b5c53c1c52c53433d11a694eab8c build by phil@Build32R6, 2012-12-20 20:23:49
1: cs:Connected ro:Primary/Secondary ds:UpToDate/UpToDate C r—–
ns:1081628 nr:0 dw:33260 dr:1048752 al:14 bm:64 lo:0 pe:0 ua:0 ap:0 ep:1 wo:f oos:0

11. Create desired filesystem on Distributed Replicated Block Device device:

[root@box1 ~]/sbin/mkfs.ext4 /dev/drbd1

You can now mount DRBD device on your primary node!

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